Tuesday, July 11, 2017

Crashed Saucer Misinformation

Time recently spent in Roswell gave me the opportunity to talk UFOs with some people quite knowledgeable on the topic. Among them was Nick Redfern. Aware of my interest in the overlapping of the UFO and intelligence communities, Nick shared his thoughts on several such cases. This included an alleged saucer crash supposedly occurring in 1952 on the Norwegian island of Spitsbergen. 

Nick blogged about the Spitsbergen case in 2012, explaining how it consisted of a few different tellings, depending on which intel agency or news publication one chose to consult. Basically, a story was passed around that a flying saucer (with no occupants) was retrieved from the island. As late as 1985 researchers were still trying to substantiate the story, which had grown to include comparisons to flying disks allegedly seen by military personnel around the Arctic. The origin of the alleged Spitsbergen saucer was suggested to be both Russian and outer space at different times, and the case was called both a hoax and a matter of utmost importance, depending on the agency and era. 

The part of the story Nick found most intriguing involves a file at the NSA. It's titled, Department of State AIRGRAM - Subject: Flying Saucers Are a Myth

The file contains a 1968 airgram message from the American embassy in Moscow to the U.S. Department of State. The purpose of the message is to provide the State Department with an English version of a then-recently published article debunking UFOs and authored by Villen Lyustiberg, Science Editor of the Novosti Press Agency.

Lyustiberg's piece contains a paragraph addressing the Spitsbergen case. The paragraph has been circled and identified as a "plant," presumably by someone employed at an American intelligence agency at some point in time.

Intriguing notation added to Russian article on UFOs and contained in NSA doc


Author David Clarke addressed the alleged Spitsbergen saucer in his nonfiction
book, How UFOs Conquered the World: The History of a Modern Myth. He described the above document as shared with him by Nick Redfern, and went on to explain the work of Bill Spaulding of the U.S. group Ground Saucer Watch.

Following intensive FOIA work, Spaulding apparently came to believe that crashed saucer lore was actually promoted and in some cases deliberately fabricated by the U.S. government. Clarke reported that Spaulding found no evidence the CIA had any knowledge of such crashed saucers, but the Agency indeed considered advantageous uses of spreading belief in UFOs for psychological warfare purposes. As Clarke wrote, "One [CIA] memo put it this way: 'A fair proportion of our population is mentally conditioned to the acceptance of the incredible. In this fact lies the potential for touching-off of mass hysteria and panic.'"

In 1990 Clarke obtained comment from Spaulding on such documents, to which Spaulding explained in part, "There are some good official UFO documents. But they do not show the existence of saucers as spaceships. Rather, they show a deliberate trail of misinformation about saucers, a ruse to cover-up high tech testing." 

We might give such circumstances deeper consideration when contemplating stories of alleged downed alien spacecraft. We might also consider the perspective promoted by Science Editor Lyustiberg, some 50 years ago, was to discourage belief in flying saucers among the Russian public. It does not go unnoticed by this writer that the author of the above referenced airgram pointed out to the State Department that Lyustiberg's position was in contradiction to other Russian publications; the embassy employee briefly summarized Russian stances on UFOs for the recipient at State before attaching Lyustiberg's article. 

It should be a forgone conclusion at this point that the UFO topic was exploited by the global intelligence community for a variety of purposes from one operation and era to the next. The consequences might indeed be significant and far-reaching.

Tuesday, July 4, 2017

Casselberry July 4 Case: Anatomy of a UFO Rumor

Jack Brewer
Originally published July 1, 2013

UFO that wasn't: Police dashcam image of meteor in Texas
was submitted to NUFORC as Florida UFO
Residents of greater Orlando were trying to celebrate in spite of the rain on July 4 in 2004. As dark fell, something unusual took place. Exactly what it was continues to be debated nine years later.

Some said it was a crash of a UFO in the suburb of Casselberry, and that NASA orchestrated a cover up. Others suspected it may have been some kind of unusual weather or atmospheric phenomena, possibly involving a meteor of some type. Yet others scoffed, suggesting it was nothing more than lightning and a strong clap of thunder.

I made an attempt to piece together what happened, or, at the least, to accurately separate verifiable information from unsubstantiated rumors. Following is what was discovered.

July 4, 2004

Casselberry residents and those of neighboring communities reported that as 9 p.m. approached on July 4, 2004, a very bright light momentarily filled the sky. The flash was followed by a shockingly loud and long rumble. Witnesses recently informed me that the event briefly lit the night as if it were day. Others claimed to have been knocked from their feet by the force of the impact.

Back in July of 2004, locals expressed suspicions that some type of meteor may have exploded or crashed that holiday evening. However, officials and police officers stated there was no particular reason to think that was the case. Fireworks were ruled out due to such factors as the large, several mile area effected by the occurrence, as well as a lack of corroborating circumstances such as reported explosions or fires.

Extraordinary reports began to surface. Stories quickly spread that witnesses saw some kind of object falling or crashing to earth. Others said they knew of a secured apparent crash site where onlookers were quickly ordered to leave. In more extreme cases, stories included claims that vehicles with NASA logos were seen racing about Casselberry, government personnel acted in threatening manners and residents became ill, all apparently having something to do with an alleged crashed UFO. A local radio station aired accounts that added to public concerns, and activities of station staff continue today to be cited as evidence among those who believe something otherworldly plummeted to earth that rainy summer night in 2004.


Archived weather observations were obtained in March from the National Weather Service. Readings conducted at surrounding airports on July 4, 2004, from 8-10 p.m. indicated thunderstorms with over an inch of rainfall.

I obtained a copy of a report on March 13 from what was the extremely cooperative and helpful Casselberry Police Department. A “suspicious incident report” filed July 4, 2004 at 9:37 p.m. by Officer Michael P. Mulderig stated:
“At approx 2050hrs a large flash was seen outside the front windows of the [police] station, then a large boom was heard and the bldg vibrated. Subsequently numerous calls from Summerset, Camelot, Sunset Oaks, Duck Pond and other areas came in saying there was a large boom and shaking of windows. Also, we rec'd several busn alarms at the same time as the other calls, possibly related due to the rattling of glass pains that would be caused by such a large concussion. Unk where it came from or if it was just an incredibly large thunder clap.”
Obviously, something happened, whatever it may have been. Reasonable questions would include how and why it was put in the context of a UFO crash, and by whom. Answers to such questions were found, at least in part, on UFO websites and discussion forums. 

UFO Websites

A report was submitted July 12, 2004, to the Mutual UFO Network by an individual who stated they lived in Casselberry. They described residents suffering from illness and suggested that fantastic accounts were aired on the radio. It was claimed in the report that NASA “quieted the town and the radio station involved.” The individual noted that although they did not witness the event, “it is on a thread at another site.”

A number of related reports were submitted during the same time frame to the National UFO Reporting Center, or NUFORC, directed by Peter Davenport. One report stated that NASA vehicles were “everywhere,” and that the FBI was present following what the witness described as an “explosion.” The witness also referenced what were apparently rather popular radio reports of such alleged goings ons.

Another report submitted to NUFORC explained that the witness and their companions “felt it when it hit the ground.” The witness added in the report, “All the kids in the neighborhood said they saw a fireball fall from the sky.”

Yet another NUFORC report suggested a “craft” had been downed. The report contained a link to a photo allegedly retrieved from a police dashboard cam, but the link no longer functions.

A thread on the UFO Casebook forum contained discussion of the Casselberry circumstances. In reply number four of the thread, moderator and researcher DrDil helpfully posted some NUFORC reports, including the one referencing a downed “craft.” At the time DrDil made the post, which was Jan. of 2009, he could apparently access the linked dashboard cam photo and seemed to have posted it.

The photo appeared to contain a meteor-like fireball, even though the individual who submitted the report seemed to suggest it was a craft going down in Casselberry. The work of DrDil to apparently post the report in its entirety, including the photo, would later prove key.

The same UFO Casebook thread contained posts suggesting the crash site was located in an area previously under construction and now known as Legacy Park. That correlated with other accounts suggesting the general vicinity of the alleged impact was near the intersection of Hwy. 17/92 and Dog Track Rd., as is Legacy Park, but descriptions of alleged crash sites varied from one report and website to the next. The online descriptions of alleged crash sites were typically quite noticeably absent of what should have been easy to include details of an exact location.

An individual using the screen name chetty mo posted a video, allegedly capturing the event to some extent, on YouTube. Chetty mo stated the video was taken in Casselberry during the time in question. Some found the video less than convincing of anything more than lightning, while chetty mo and some others expressed disagreement during a discussion on UFO Casebook.

Virtually across the board, witnesses rejected explanations related to lightning. They commonly offered accounts of bright light, jarring impacts and frightening rumbling sounds, very much as described by Officer Mulderig, but remained convinced they had not witnessed lightning – at least not as they had ever seen before. A very strange sky was also described by an individual.

Browsing online reports and Internet forums might have led one to suspect something – even if it was a meteor - fell from the sky that Fourth of July in Casselberry. One might have even felt justified in suspecting some were aware of the site of the impact or crash. A bit closer review, however, might have raised quite different suspicions.

Lack of Primary Witnesses

I was unable to directly locate a single witness claiming to have actually seen anything specific in the sky, such as a meteor, fireball or what might have been interpreted as, by definition, a UFO, that July night in 2004. Neither was a single witness located who claimed to have personally observed anything as reportedly took place at an alleged crash site during the days following the incident.

Locals were consulted, people who reside in the specific area in question were contacted and requests for contact with witnesses were posted online, but no one emerged claiming to be a direct witness of events as described in the extraordinary reports submitted to MUFON and NUFORC. Facebook and Peter Davenport's access to the NUFORC reports were additionally tapped in the search for alleged witnesses of significant circumstances, but to no avail. While it is not being claimed that all resources were completely exhausted, it was indeed deemed reasonably apparent that the alleged abundance of witnesses to extraordinary occurrences simply did not exist, at least not to the extents implied in the online reports and typically suggested by people choosing to believe a UFO crashed.

Many secondary witnesses, or people who observed the flash and aftermath, were easily locatable and claimed to know someone who was a primary witness, or know someone that knew a primary witness, but not a single attempt was successful to coordinate direct contact with any such individual. As a result, no photos, videos or even firsthand accounts were obtained from the time of July, 2004, of any alleged UFO, crash site, NASA vehicles, FBI agents dispersing crowds or similar such previously claimed situations or occurrences.

Mr. Davenport of NUFORC was very cooperative in corresponding about the Casselberry event and the reports submitted to his organization. His efforts were appreciated.

I requested comment on the Casselberry case from MUFON Executive Director David MacDonald, Director of Investigations Marie Malzahn, Florida State Director Morgan Beall and former Florida Chief Field Investigator Denise Stoner. Each were asked to comment on the status of any investigation conducted, any conclusion that may have been reached and any related information available for public release. Multiple requests were emailed to the MUFON personnel and no replies were received from any of the four.

Lack of Confirmation of Airborne Object

Freedom of Information Act requests were submitted to NASA, the Air Force, FBI and CIA. No documents were obtained concerning incidents occurring July 4, 2004, in the vicinity of Casselberry, Fla., or as described in the MUFON and NUFORC reports. No files of downed or retrieved aircraft, satellites or similar such objects were available for release, and no files were obtained concerning official personnel in the area during the 2004 Fourth of July holiday or following weeks.

An informal data inquiry was submitted in March to the Federal Aviation Administration. Information was requested that might be available concerning unusual airspace conditions and activity over Casselberry and the surrounding county from 8-10 p.m., July 4, 2004. Information was specifically requested as might relate to circumstances as described in a 2004 Orlando WESH-TV news report about the incident that was submitted with the inquiry. The FAA promptly replied that it had no information related to such an event. 

The NUFORC sighting report cataloged by DrDil on UFO Casebook forum that included the image of what looked like a meteor-like fireball, but was described in the report as a “craft” going down over Casselberry, actually turned out to be from a different night in a different city. The image that seemed to originate from a police dashboard cam and looked very much like a meteor blazing through the atmosphere was indeed both, just not in Casselberry. Further research revealed the photo was actually shot in a suburb of Dallas, Texas, on July 7, 2004, according to a 2004 Orlando Channel 6 News report that was located. Comparing the image, apparently from the report submitted to NUFORC claiming to be about the Casselberry incident, with the image reported by Channel 6 to have originated in Texas, left no doubt they were the same photo. The supposed Casselberry "craft" was actually a Texas meteor.

Given that discovery, nothing whatsoever more than hearsay remained supporting an alleged airborne object in the case, much less a downed UFO. There were no reports of plane crashes, relevant radar reports, photos, video or other such tangible items of evidence available to support the idea that some kind of flying object had been involved. There were not even anecdotal narratives from witnesses, at least not accessible witnesses. What's more, the lone photo seemed to have been completely misrepresented by the individual who submitted the report to NUFORC.


It would be rather unreasonable to support a conclusion involving a crashed UFO, given the narrow range of available evidence. Unusually intense lightning and thunder seems a likely candidate for a potential explanation for the flash and rumbling noise. Some type of meteor, possibly exploding in air, might also be a reasonable theory, pending further information. A definitive conclusion, however, is simply not currently available.

A UFO, its crash and the unsubstantiated claims of a cover up, preferable as they may be to some, simply cannot be accepted without significantly more supporting evidence. It would seem that, at best, judgment must be suspended in the event that much more convincing evidence of the extremely extraordinary might one day be revealed. There is simply not currently sufficient reason to suspect any such extreme circumstances occurred, but perhaps further information will one day suggest otherwise.

It might be deemed noteworthy that multiple reports initially submitted to MUFON and NUFORC suggested an abundance of primary witnesses, yet closer scrutiny was unable to reveal the whereabouts of any such witnesses or even if they ever so much as actually existed. It might also be noted that one such report was shown to apparently contain blatantly false and misleading information in the form of a photo from Texas. Perhaps the Casselberry alleged UFO crash, like many other cases, once again demonstrated that circumstances entirely different from those popularly discussed and commonly perceived are likely to be found when researchers drill down through the available information surrounding reported UFOs.

Perhaps the Casselberry July 4 case also serves as a reminder that interesting circumstances need not always be measured by a presence or absence of extraterrestrials. While such a measuring stick might be commonly used by both believers and non-believers within the UFO community, a more practical perspective might include understanding that limiting the significance of any given UFO report to whether or not aliens were involved makes one oblivious to a multitude of additional - and interesting - possibilities.

And what about those reports on the radio?

The much discussed radio reports revolved around talented and popular talk show host, Jason Bailey, known to local listeners as Buckethead. The Buckethead Show, dubbed the BS, currently airs afternoons on Real Radio 104.1.

Back in July of 2004, Mr. Bailey was employed by a different Orlando radio station and, as reported, seemingly demonstrated an interest in the Casselberry incident. His activities, according to Clyde Lewis of Ground Zero, included taking on-air telephone calls from self-described witnesses during the days following the incident. Lewis also wrote that Bailey had an intern who covered the unfolding events on location in Casselberry, resulting in the intern making some rather dramatic on-air claims about being ominously instructed to vacate a rumored crash site.

I contacted Bailey in April and offered him an opportunity to share his perspectives on the Casselberry chain of events. He was also offered an opportunity to comment on the legitimacy of the circumstances involving the intern.

“Thanks,” Mr. Bailey replied, “but I'm not interested.”

Tuesday, June 27, 2017

Sources for Presentations at Roswell

I am pleased to be among the speakers at the Roswell UFO Festival. The conference where I will be speaking is organized by Guy Malone and titled, 70 Years Later: Modern Challenges to the Extraterrestrial Hypothesis.

I'll be doing a couple different presentations, one being The Greys Have Been Framed: Exploitation in Ufology and the Intersection of the Intelligence and UFO Communities. The other is MKULTRA to Gitmo: Correlations Between State Sponsored Involuntary Human Experimentation, Hypnosis and the UFO Community

There are certainly many different explanations for reported UFO phenomena and high strangeness, whatever those explanations may eventually prove to be, and I do not claim to know them all. I am not suggesting there is nothing necessarily of interest in all cases, anymore than I would suggest any given explanation or two would account for all reports. 

That stated, there are indeed many instances - readily available for citation - of exploitation of the topic of UFOs. I subsequently feel the methods employed by intelligence agencies and questionable researchers deserve attention in order to better understand how our opinions and beliefs developed. I will be exploring some of those instances, as well as situations and dynamics worthy of deeper consideration, in how they impact the UFO topic and alleged alien abduction genre. 

I advocate conducting such research in responsible manners: Accurately identify facts, then consider what the facts may indicate. I encourage differentiating between fact and opinion, as well as differentiating between scientific study and other forms of research and/or activities. 

Please allow me to emphasize I am not suggesting involuntary human experimentation necessarily accounts for any reports of alleged alien abduction. I do feel, however, some of the material deserves consideration in proper and responsible context. There are many possibilities of potential relevance.

For instance, we now conclusively know that experiments were conducted in which chemicals were covertly dispersed in public places. We also know that unwitting research subjects were led into situations in which they were drugged and observed. There are numerous ways such circumstances could become intertwined with the UFO popular narratives, particularly considering that - during the mid 20th century time in question - most U.S. citizens did not even remotely suspect their federal government was capable of abusing them. Such research subjects might struggle to find explanations for their experiences, and confuse the circumstances with those that became commonly reported within the UFO community. The possibilities are many.

Below are some key links to items addressed during my presentations, offered for those who would like sources and have a desire to read further. We will be discussing how such circumstances may, in some instances, affect public perception of UFOs. We will also explore correlations among some of the circumstances. Questions, comments, challenges to my points of view expressed during the presentations, and other inquiries may be emailed to me at the address located in my blogger profile.

Some may choose to read my book, The Greys Have Been Framed: Exploitation in the UFO Community. It explores the ways the UFO topic has been manipulated by multiple demographics for a variety of reasons. Some of these reasons, it should be noted, have nothing to do with UFOs, but influence the genre as byproducts of the pursuit of unrelated objectives. Additionally explored rather thoroughly in the book are the cases of Simone Mendez, Leah Haley and Emma Woods, among others.

UFOs and the IC

- James Carrion maintains the blog, Anachronism, where you can download his book of the same name for free. Topics explored between his book and blog include the Ghost Rocket phenomenon, the possible significance of Project Seal during the summer of '47, and a group of potentially relevant intelligence officers known as Joint Security Control. 

- A 1949 Project Grudge report references the UFO topic as a potential psychological propaganda and warfare tool, including the planned release of unusual aerial objects.

Iconic, archetypal shot from The Day the Earth Stood Still
- In his book Silver Screen Saucers: Sorting Fact from Fantasy in Hollywood's UFO Movies, author Robbie Graham documents ongoing CIA interest in the portrayal of ET in film. This includes propaganda specialists employed as a production chief and a script writer on the set of the 1951 film, The Day the Earth Stood Still

- The CIA's Role in the Study of UFOs, 1947-90, is available on the Agency website. It contains such info as CIA initially concealing sponsorship of the Robertson Panel, as well as concealing interest in use of the UFO controversy as a psychological warfare tool.

- A now declassified 1954 CIA telegram suggested to operatives in Guatemala to consider fabricating a story about flying saucers as an option to distract public attention from Agency involvement in a coup. This was reported in a 2003 New York Times article, The C.I.A.'s Cover Has Been Blown? Just Make Up Something About U.F.O.'s.

- CIA man Gene Poteat composed a report on the use of electronic countermeasures in his now declassified work, Stealth, Countermeasures, and ELINT, 1960-1975. Among items of potential interest to the UFO community include Poteat's description of the planned release of balloon-borne metalized spheres in coordination with the projection of false radar paints. 

Overlapping of the UFO and Intelligence Communities

- In his book The FBI-CIA-UFO Connection: The Hidden UFO Activities of USA Intelligence Agencies, author Bruce Maccabee, PhD, credited CIA man Ron Pandolfi with suggesting Agency interest in UFOs was for counterespionage purposes. Particularly, it was suggested, CIA obtained evidence in the 1970's that adversaries devised a plan to use U.S. citizens, including ufologists, to penetrate the U.S. defense program.

Investigation of Vincente DePaula is an article on a website maintained by Ron Regehr. It describes the reported interrogation by the Defense Investigative Service of the late Mr. DePaula, a former member of the UFO community who was employed in the defense industry to work on classified satellite systems. 

- Information about the 1980's Paul Bennewitz case - and the involvement of USAF Office of Special Investigations Special Agent Richard Doty - can be found in the work of Greg Bishop, Mark Pilkington and others. A 2014 Open Minds post by Alejandro Rojas documents his efforts to hold the evasive Air Force accountable for its role in the saga. The actions of Doty and the OSI might be considered in the context of the 1981 Simone Mendez case, to which I allocated a chapter in my book.

The late Boyd Bushman and a photo passed around his circles
- A 1999 FBI memo obtained by John Greenwald, Jr. of The Black Vault indicates the late Boyd B. Bushman was employed at Lockheed Martin and held Top Secret and SCI/SPA security clearances in his capacity as a Senior Specialist in the Special Programs Department. The memo further indicates Lockheed Martin harbored concerns of ongoing attempts to elicit classified information from Bushman. A 2014 video apparently shot by UFO enthusiasts showed Bushman explaining his interests in UFO and ET-related topics, which he described discussing throughout his career with a network of what he considered to be like-minded colleagues. The intriguing circumstances were explored in my blog post, Boyd Bushman, the FBI and Counterespionage

- The Carpenter Affair of the 1990's is covered in my book and rather extensively in a number of posts on my blog. It involved Missouri Social Worker, hypnotist, and MUFON Director of Abduction Research John Carpenter. He released data contained in the case files of 140 suspected alien abductees, including Leah Haley, without the knowledge or consent of the 140. They were hypnosis subjects of Carpenter, two of which he married. The data was provided to controversial philanthropist Robert Bigelow for review by him and his colleagues, which included Col. John Alexander, in exchange for a reported $14,000 paid to Carpenter. Stipulations of a 2001 five-year probation period eventually enforced upon the Social Worker license of Carpenter may be viewed via the State of Missouri public document, State Committee for Social Workers v. John S. Carpenter.

Millionaire searches for UFOs on ranch in Utah is a 1996 article published in the Eugene Register-Guard. It describes Robert Bigelow declining to be interviewed about Skinwalker Ranch, and Col. John Alexander, a Bigelow employee, explaining details will not be provided of how and why research is being conducted. 

- In 2011 James Carrion wrote he and an accompanying scientist were denied access to the Skinwalker Ranch, and Bigelow, during ill-fated dealings with MUFON, moved funds on behalf of what was described as an undisclosed financial sponsor. The identity of the sponsor was revealed only to John Schuessler, but not the rest of the MUFON board of directors.

- In 2012 I published an interview of CB Scott Jones, a retired career intelligence officer who, among other noteworthy items, stated to Austin MUFON that he believed his friend Michael Drosnin was targeted by the FBI with an incapacitating mind control device. Jones claimed during the 2012 interview he continued to believe the UFO subject is used to cloak classified U.S. programs, including mind control operations.

Maj. Gen. Albert N. Stubblebine III
- That same year, 2012, I delved into the activities of Maj. Gen. Bert Stubblebine and his wife Dr. Rima Laibow. Stubblebine is credited with developing Remote Viewing, and Laibow formerly spoke at UFO conferences as an advocate for using hypnosis with alleged alien abductees. In more recent years the couple has supported increasingly questionable conspiracy theories, up to claiming attempts were made on the life of Laibow in retaliation for their activism.

- Investigative journalist Sharon Weinberger published the article Mind Games in 2007 in Washington Post Magazine. It included an interview with Col. John Alexander, who suggested mind control projects were receiving renewed interest post-9/11, and that electronic neutering might prove beneficial on detainees such as held at Guantanamo Bay. 

"Maybe I can fix you, or electronically neuter you," Alexander was quoted by Weinberger, "so it's safe to release you into society, so you won't come back and kill me."  

Hypnosis and the UFO Community

- The American Psychology Association (APA) explains its stances on hypnosis as a therapeutic tool, not a memory retrieval technique. Further reading includes the work of experimental psychologist and renowned memory expert Dr. Elizabeth Loftus. Also relevant is the work of experimental psychologist Dr. Julia Shaw, among many others, who clarify it's not a matter of if memory is flawed, but how flawed, and that memory enhancing techniques are conclusively unreliable.

Barbara Lamb
- I exchanged emails in 2013 with hypnotist Barbara Lamb about her claim "ET-human hybrids are real and they are here." According to a MUFON promotional email containing the statement, Lamb hypnotically regressed hundreds of people, some of which, with her "help," discovered they were hybrids. During the email exchange, I urged Lamb to directly address if any objective third parties had conducted any kinds of analysis which would lend support to her repeated claims she knows people with ET DNA. She then stopped corresponding.

- In 2012 I interviewed David Jacobs, PhD (in history), a self-described investigator of alien abduction. His bizarre and often convoluted claims about alleged aliens and ET-human hybrids are described at length in my book. Further info can be found at the website of Emma Woods, including recordings of long distance international telephone hypnosis sessions Jacobs conducted with the woman. It is important to listen to the recordings if you desire to develop an informed opinion about investigative techniques used by Jacobs, the Woods case, and his claims of being an advocate of strict scientific and ethical research methodologies. The methods used do not support either his claims or fantastic conclusions.

Hypnosis and the Intelligence Community

The Search for the Manchurian Candidate by John Marks, circa 1979, remains a valuable resource on Project MKULTRA, mid 20th century behavior modification operations, what's known of the personnel involved, and what's known of the experiments using hypnosis, drugs and torture for a variety of stated purposes. Marks' book includes further reading on the activities of George H. Estabrooks, Milton Kline, Martin Orne and George Hunter White.

- A 1954 MKULTRA document titled Hypnotic Experimentation and Research described how a woman was successfully directed during hypnosis to fire a pistol at another female hypnosis subject, unaware the gun was not loaded. Researchers claimed the subjects reported no memories of the events taking place.

- A now declassified document titled SI and H Experimentation (25 September 1951) contains the claims of CIA researchers that they successfully administered post-hypnotic suggestions via telephone. The suggestions involved the experimental subject delivering a post-hypnotic code to a second subject, who executed detailed instructions while hiding what appeared to be a bomb in a public location. Researchers further claimed the subjects largely could not recall their participation in the experiment.

- The CIA online library contains the article, Hypnosis in Interrogation, approved for release in 1993. The Edward F. Deshere piece describes recommendations from hypnosis expert and MKULTRA consultant Martin Orne, which included the use of a "magic room," props, and pseudo-hypnosis shams in order to deceive detainees into thinking they were defenseless against advanced hypnosis techniques. 

- The 2015 Hoffman Report documented APA involvement in 21st century national security interrogations and collusion in conducting torture. The document references the possibility hypnosis was used during the interrogation of Petty Officer Daniel King as conducted by psychologist Michael Gelles. The report describes findings of an APA ethics committee liaison who described the actions of Gelles as "misleading," and added that Gelles could have offered King substantial help understanding how false memories can be established and solidified during interrogation. Further documented in the Hoffman Report was the presence of at least one other hypnosis expert as a relatively present day long time CIA consultant.  

Involuntary Human Experimentation

- The 2012 New Yorker article Operation Delirium offers insight into the madness of MKULTRA while depicting circumstances surrounding experiments conducted at Edgewood Arsenal during the mid 20th century.

- Intellipedia, an intelligence community resource, contained a now declassified entry on MKULTRA describing project objectives, abused citizens of note (which include Theodore Kaczynski, who became the infamous Unabomber), and numerous well-sourced items of interest.

Undated doc Albarelli suspected was sent to
Rockefeller Commission, directly referencing
several key aspects of Pont-Saint-Esprit incident
- Writer/researcher Hank Albarelli, Jr. summarizes in a 2010 blog post why he suspects the Pont-Saint-Esprit tragedy was a CIA weapons research and development project involving MKNAOMI personnel.

- My 2014 blog post Psy Ops and Mind Control: Then, Now and the UFO Community includes links to work by Albarelli, psychologist Dr. Jeffrey Kaye, journalist Jason Leopold and others. Aspects of Project Artichoke and their possible significance are considered.

Army Cold War Chemical Research Report is a 2017 blog post I did on a declassified 1976 Army Inspector General report addressing 25 years of chemical research, development, and testing on humans. The report correlates the existence of Special Purpose Teams deployed for use on "nonvolunteers" as described in the work of Albarelli and his references to Artichoke, as linked above.

- Dr. Jeffrey Kaye and Jason Leopold reported extensively on how 21st century CIA "enhanced interrogation techniques" as used at Guantanamo Bay constituted involuntary human experimentation. Such collaborations by Kaye and Leopold include a 2012 article based upon an inspector general report that explained CIA was administering powerful antipsychotic and other medications as treatment for conditions caused by the very interrogation techniques employed and continued. A 2010 article documented that Gitmo detainees were given five times the normal dosage of Methloquine, substantially increasing the likelihood of effects such as hallucinations and paranoid delusions. The drug belongs to a class known as quinolines, was explored as part of the MKULTRA program, and is sometimes used in much smaller doses to treat malaria, which the detainees did not have. Kaye is author of the book, Cover-up at Guantanamo: The NCIS Investigation into the "Suicides" of Mohammed Al Hanashi and Abdul Rahman Al Amri.

- Writer/researcher Joseph Hickman served in the 629th Military Intelligence Battalion at Guantanamo Bay. He described in an interview with Reader Supported News the failed process that created the Gitmo prisoner population, how human experimentation occurred, and how ideas implemented evolved out of MKULTRA. Hickman is writing extensively about his experience in the military, including his book, Murder at Camp Delta: A Staff Sergeant's Pursuit of the Truth About Guantanamo Bay.    

Camp X-Ray, Guantanamo Bay
- Research materials recommended for review include the Seton Hall Law Center paper, Guantanamo: America's Battle Lab, the now declassified Fay Report, the previously referenced Hoffman Report, and reports published by Physicians for Human Rights (PHR). Just days ago, PHR published Nuremburg Betrayed: Human Experimentation and the CIA Torture Program, concluding the CIA post-9/11 torture operations constituted unethical and experimental research on unwilling human subjects. PHR reported that torture techniques were designed and implemented by health professionals, who then collected data on torture's effects. The circumstances are described as "one of the gravest breaches of medical ethics by U.S. health personnel since the Nuremburg Code was developed."


- In 2008 a Kansas court issued the first-of-its-kind order of protection banning a man from electronically harassing a former business associate. James Walbert told the court he was threatened with "jolts of radiation," then later claimed to feel sensations of electric shocks, hear electronically generated tones, and hear ringing in his ears. Walbert's former associate was subsequently banned from using electronic means to harass him.

- In his 1985 book, The Body Electric, author Dr. Robert Becker explained how researchers at Walter Reed Army Institute of Research claimed to have successfully transmitted spoken words directly to the human brain via pulsed microwaves in 1973.

- In 2008 Sharon Weinberger reported the Army removed a page from its website depicting "voice to skull" devices. The non-lethal weapon was described as a neuroelectromagnetic device capable of sending sound into the skull of persons or animals.

Dennis Kucinich
- In 2013 an Emergency Defense Motion was filed at Guantanamo Bay on behalf of Bin al Shibh. The motion sought relief from sounds and vibrations directed at the detainee. 

- Psychiatrist Dr. Emily A. Keram evaluated Gitmo detainee Shaker Aamer in 2013. Keram quoted Aamer as claiming to believe some kind of electromagnetic or radiation weapons were directed at him. He described the effects as feeling in a trance and difficulty getting his body to move.

- Former presidential candidate and UFO witness Dennis Kucinich proposed for legislation the Space Preservation Act of 2001. The bill, which did not pass, sought to ban space-based and airborne weapons which used electromagnetic, radiation, or other energies directed at individual persons or targeted populations for the purpose of information war, mood management or mind control.

Tuesday, May 30, 2017

Consequences of Covert and Unethical Operations

The spread of tuberculosis is on the rise in rural Alabama. Researchers blame the infamous Tuskegee Syphilis Study as a significant factor in public aversion to healthcare in the region. Let's explore how some unethical and covert projects have detrimental consequences on public perception of the medical community and result in poor healthcare practices.   

Tuskegee and Guatemala

Tuskegee Institute, circa 1916
The Center for Disease Control reports that in 1932 the Public Health Service, working jointly with the Tuskegee Institute, launched a study to record the progression of syphilis among black men. Taking place in Central Alabama, the undertaking was titled, "Tuskegee Study of Untreated Syphilis in the Negro Male." The project was later considered unethical and found to have neglected to facilitate proper informed consent for research subjects. Originally slated to last six months, it went on for 40 years while failing to treat hundreds of infected individuals. Medical care continued to be withheld in lieu of observation long after effective treatments were developed by the medical industry. 

Perhaps most heinously, research subjects were led to believe they were receiving free healthcare. In fact, terms of their participation included burial insurance.

The Public Health Service also used its resources to conduct a similar study in Guatemala. From 1946 to 1948 the U.S. organization funded a collaboration with the Pan American Sanitary Bureau and various Guatemalan government agencies. An estimated 1000 to 3000 Guatemalans were subsequently infected with venereal diseases. The abused included soldiers, orphans, mental patients, and prisoners.

From the "Why do they hate us so much?" file: In addition to infecting Guatemalan citizens, Uncle Sam also overthrew their elected government.

In 1954 the CIA sponsored a coup in Guatemala. Operation PBSUCCESS, as it would become known, ousted the nation's president, but not before rumors of CIA involvement were published in a white paper. To minimize consequences of the white paper, a now declassified CIA cable reveals assets were instructed to consider distracting public attention by such means as to "fabricate big human interest story, like flying saucers." The declassified cable inspired the 2003 New York Times article title, Word for Word/Coup Control; The C.I.A.'s Cover Has Been Blown? Just Make Up Something About U.F.O.'s.

Mistrust of Medical Professionals

Fast forward to 2016. About 115 miles west of Tuskegee you'll find Marion, Alabama, right in the heart of a county hit hard by a lack of trust for public healthcare. The consequences of rejecting medical care can be seen in a rise in the highly contagious and fatal tuberculosis disease, and the reasons for mistrust include dwindling public funds. The community doesn't even have a hospital, leaving some residents feeling isolated and abandoned.

The reasons for mistrust also include echoes of the Tuskegee Study. As The New York Times reported in 2016, "Many people in Marion, where about 63 percent of the residents are black, said they knew little about what had happened in Tuskegee, but they often said their wariness of medical professionals had been passed on through generations."

Harper's Magazine article published in the June, 2017, edition documented the TB outbreak in Marion to be nearly 100 times the national average. For some context, that puts the community at a higher infection rate than such third world countries as India, Kenya and Haiti.

Several strategies have been implemented by medical staff to try to encourage TB screenings, including throwing festive parties and even offering financial incentives, but progress has been slow. Harper's reports that residents often feel distrustful and fear being targeted by outsiders.

Similar social dynamics can be observed in a relatively recent CIA fake vaccination drive. The Agency covertly used medical personnel to claim they were providing vaccinations to children in Pakistan, but were actually extracting DNA. The samples were wanted for testing during a reported hunt for Osama bin Laden. The lead doctor was imprisoned by Pakistani authorities for cooperating with American intelligence agents, and residents understandably became wary of vaccine programs and international healthcare workers. Scientific American reported in its article, How the CIA's Fake Vaccination Campaign Endangers Us All, that villagers along the Pakistan-Afghan border subsequently chased off a legitimate vaccination team, among other concerning events.

There are most assuredly men and women of high integrity who serve their countries and fellow human beings honorably throughout both the medical industry and intelligence community. However, past actions carry consequences, and trust must be built and maintained. 

Sunday, May 28, 2017

New Book and Upcoming Conference

UFOs: Reframing the Debate
I'm pleased to report that UFOs: Reframing the Debate from White Crow Books is now available. The nonfiction book is edited by Robbie Graham with artwork by Red Pill Junkie. It consists of several essays written by authors who hold a variety of different perspectives.

I'm proud to have been extended an invitation to contribute. The chapter I wrote, The Future Leads to the Past, explores the ways preconceived notions might influence interpretations of events which haven't even happened yet. Factors that pave the way to resulting misunderstandings are considered, along with what can be done to reframe the UFO debate and cultivate a healthier, more functional community.

Fellow contributors include Greg Bishop, Mike Clelland, Joshua Cutchin, Lorin Cutts, and SMiles Lewis, among many more. Each offer their own point of view on dynamics within ufology. Perhaps you'll choose to give the book a read.

Roswell UFO Festival

Just around the corner is the upcoming festival in Roswell. I hope to see lots of you there!

I'll be speaking at a conference titled, 70 Years Later: Modern Challenges to the Extraterrestrial Hypothesis. The event runs from June 29 to July 2, and includes such fellow speakers as Nick Redfern and Michael Heiser, PhD. The conference is organized by Guy Malone, who will also be presenting his research and ideas. Click the link to learn more about costs, schedule, live streaming, and much more.

I'll be sharing things I've learned about ways the UFO topic has been exploited by the intelligence community, and how the UFO and intel communities overlap. They are at times one and the same.

We'll also take a look at how self-described investigators of alleged alien abduction persist in cultivating unsubstantiated beliefs, including via the use of hypnosis. This has been done in spite of warnings issued by qualified experts of the potential dangers to the hypnosis subjects, and study upon study conclusively shows hypnosis to be unreliable as a memory enhancer. Moreover, investigators have a demonstrable history of averting from opportunities to properly secure and test forensic evidence, opting instead to remain heavily reliant upon witness testimony often obtained during hypnosis sessions.

The decades of such dynamics will be considered, and I think it deserves much more attention than it typically receives in order to better understand how some premature beliefs have been promoted and fostered. I'm looking forward to meeting lots of you as I hope to contribute in a constructive manner to the event and genre.

Thursday, May 11, 2017

DoJ Responds to FOIA Appeal, Directs FBI to Search Further for Lash Files

A May 10 email from the Department of Justice stated my appeal for files on Jeffrey Alan Lash "has been processed with the following final disposition: completely reversed/remanded." The email was from the DoJ Office of Information Policy and addressed an appeal filed due to the FBI previously reporting requested records were unable to be identified. From the DoJ email:

Readers will recall my post on the Lash case summarized the 2015 story of a man found dead in a vehicle in the Los Angeles upscale community of Pacific Palisades. The bizarre saga involved a stash of millions of dollars in weapons and ammo, about a quarter of a million dollars in cash, and testimonies that the deceased had claimed to be an ET-human hybrid working with U.S. intelligence agencies, among other odd plot twists. The post went on to become my most viewed by far, and continues to consistently be among the most viewed per week in spite of having been posted two years ago.

Outside Pacific Palisades condo where Lash reportedly lived
in what an LA police captain called the worst case of
weapons hoarding she'd seen in her 27-year law enforcement career  

My initial FOIA request to the FBI for records on the Lash case was filed in 2016. I was subsequently informed by the Bureau in a letter dated Dec. 15, 2016, that records were unable to be identified, but it was added that the "response neither confirms nor denies the existence of your subject's name on any watch lists." It was also clarified to be a standard notification "and should not be taken as an indication that excluded records do, or do not, exist."

The letter further stated, "If you have additional information pertaining to the subject that you believe was of investigative interest to the Bureau, please provide us the details and we will conduct an additional search."

I subsequently wrote, in part, in an appeal dated Feb. 1, 2017:
I therefore point out 'The Guardian', in an article dated July 23, 2015, reported the late Mr. Lash believed he "was a secret government operative under constant surveillance by the CIA, the FBI or both." The article may be viewed at:

Similarly, 'The Washington Times' reported Lash identified himself to neighbors as "Bob Smith" and "claimed to have worked for either the FBI or CIA." The July 23, 2015, article may be viewed at:

'The Los Angeles Times' and many other media outlets reported similar circumstances. Files available for release are therefore requested on any investigations the Bureau may have conducted of Jeffrey Alan Lash, as well as any interest in or relationships with Lash.

Let's hope a further search for responsive records at the FBI turns up something interesting and available for release. For those of you following the political sword rattling taking place between the White House and FBI, it might be worth noting that the letter received in the May 10 email was actually contained in a pdf, and was dated March 23. For whatever reasons, the March letter was not emailed until the day after former Director James Comey was fired. I mention this because it might or might not indicate ripples of the political turbulence reach throughout the FOIA staff and process in some manner. 


View previous posts on the Jeffrey Alan Lash case and my related FOIA requests